In 1970, there were about 5,000 international marriages between a Japanese person and a foreigner.  However, in 2005 there were over 40,000 international marriages. Throughout the years, international marriage has become increasingly common; and as international marriage increases, so does divorce. If a couple continues to fight and cannot reach an agreement about certain things, there were some cases of the Japanese parent taking the child and returning with them to Japan, and they may not let the other parent see the child. In addition, in recent years, there has been some cases of foreign parents taking children from Japan to a foreign country.

Children who are moved across country borders face many sudden life changes. They often lose contact with one of their parents and are forced to adapt to a new language and culture, which could give negative effect on the child’s growth.

The Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction(the 1980 Hague Convention)provides ground rules for parents and children that were abducted to be able to meet. ISSJ helps provide contacts between the child and the non-residential parent because we believe that it is important that the child sees both parents.